As pet parents, we all want to provide a happy and healthy life for our pets. But before adopting a pet we need to consider some basic requirements. First of all, you mustn’t rush into this. Take your time to decide whether you are emotionally ready or not to adopt one. Most shelters and rescues help you to decide which species is best suited for you, including the measures you need to take to keep them happy and healthy.
How to keep your pets happy?
- Spend time with your pets every day: Pets usually see you as a part of their flock. And that is the reason they want to spend time with you. Research has shown that their mental health very much depends on the time you spend with them.
- Play with your pets: The best way to spend time with your pets is by playing with them. Pick up a toy and engage with your pets for 15-30 minutes every day. This will not only keep your pets happy but will also provide you with refreshments.
- Work on new training skills: Pets can be trained to perform in a certain manner. Such as teaching them how to sit or catching a ball. This is something they not only enjoy but also gives them a sense of normalcy.
- Socialize your pets: According to the American Animal Hospital Association, socializing your pets at a very young age is crucial. This decreases the chance of being fearfully aggressive when adult.
- Show them affection: Showing enough love and affection is very essential to establish a strong bond between you and your pets. Rub their body, cuddle them, feed them with your hands, these are the signs to show affection to them.
How to keep your pets healthy?
- Proper Nutrition: We all know how much diet is important to maintain physiological and psychological health. Similarly, dogs also need to have a balanced diet to lead a healthy life. Giving your pets the right amount and type of food is the best way to maintain a healthy weight and prevent obesity-related illness, resulting in extending the life span. But do give a regular veterinarian check, to know if he needs any supplement.
- Exercise: Exercise plays a very crucial role in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. It is very important to engage your pets in a regular exercising session. Regular walk, hiking, fetch, swimming helps your pets to remain physically active. This eventually strengthens their stimulation. And always try to change their exposure routine, to get used to new smells and scenarios.
- Parasite preventative medicine: “Prevention is better than cure.” A regular veterinarian check-up helps you to take preventive measures, when necessary. This will keep unwanted health issues like heartworm, flea-related diseases, and tick-borne illness at bay. Also, taking care of your pet’s dental health is very essential. And also, keep your pets clean by giving them a regular bath.
- Vaccinate: Vaccines are the preventative measures that you should take to protect your pets from several contageous diseases, such as canine distemper, parvovirus infection, respiratory tract infection etc. It also protects against transmissible diseases such as rabbies, which is also a threat to humans. By vaccinating your pets you give them a healthier and longer life.
- Spay or Neuter: Spaying or neutering, provides benefits not only to your pets but also to the community. According to the ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals), the animals who have been neutered are found to be much less aggressive. Many unwanted behaviour such as fighting, roaming, spaying, crying dissapears after the surgery. They become more affectionate to their owner. Do suggest a veteran for pre-surgical advice.
Spay vs Neuter: The basic difference between the two terms, boils down to the gender of the animal. Spaying involves removal of uterus and ovaries from the female animal, whereas neutering means the removal of testicles of the male animal.
But always check on your pets’ behaviour. If something seems abnormal, something which he doesnot do usually, go for a vet check-up. Garie Weitzman, in his book Complete Guide to Pet Health Behaviour and Happiness, stated that:
“animal health is not a mystery. True, animals can’t talk, but, in many ways, they’re just like us when they don’t feel well. They get upset stomachs, sore legs, skin rashes, and many of the same things we get.”